~ Down the hole · Leowaþa


Leowaþa is a fictional language spoken* by about 7 million residents of Hwensa, making it Hwensa’s most widely spoken language. It has a rich history, and the plurality of Hwensa’s literature is written in it. I haven’t worked out dialects yet.




Leowaþa’s vowels are pure, e.g. /ai/ would be realized as [a.i] and not [aɪ].


/ɲ/, /nj/
/ŋ/, /ng/

[ŋg] and [ŋk] are allophones of /ng/ and /nk/, while [ŋ] without [g] or [k] is a seperate phoneme. Similarly, [ɲj] is an allophone of /nj/, while [ɲ] without [j] is usually a seperate phoneme (although sometimes an [ɲ] forms from an [ɲj] losing its [j], making it an allophone.)


The tool I used to generate the phonotactics table only spits out extremely crusty HTML tables which I am too lazy to clean up, so you’ll have to see it in PDF form*.


The second‐to‐last syllable is usually stressed (but not always, e.g. /ðom/‐declined words’ third‐to‐last syllables are stressed if possible.) Words sometimes run together, causing stress to get screwy.


Noun derivation

Names and /θa/‐suffixed verbs are nouns.


Nouns and pronouns are declined as follows: nom: no change, acc: ◌̝ final vowel and /zla/ suffix, gen: ◌̝ final vowel and /ðom/ suffix, dat: /na/ suffix (e.g. leo, leuȝla, leuðom, leona.)


Verbs are conjugated for animacy of the subject, unless the statement is imperative. When the subject is inanimate, the verb’s suffix is /nom/. When the statement is imperative, the verb’s suffix is /m/ regardless of the subject’s animacy.